What is the USAA Career Starter Loan?
The USAA career starter loan is a low interest personal loan offered to newly commissioned officers from all commissioning sources. It is one of two popular loans, the other is offered by Navy Federal Credit Union. Rates and amount are slightly different between the two loans.
- Amount: $32,000
- Interest Rate: 1.25%
- Loan Length: 5 years
- Estimated Interest you will pay over 5 years: $1,027.07
- Only available to officers commissioning from a Service Academy
- You can defer payments until up to 90 days after commissioning.
Can You Pay the USAA Career Starter Loan Off Early?
Yes, there is no prepayment penalty for the USAA career starter loan so you can pay it off as early as you wish. Because of the low interest rate, this won’t save you much in interest but will get rid of a $600+ monthly payment. Getting rid of the payment is why I chose to pay mine off early.
How Can You Use the USAA Career Starter Loan?
You can use the USAA Career Starter Loan on anything except educational expenses. Common uses that we have seen include:
- Building Savings
- Buying Cars
- Spring Breaks
- Debt Consolidation
At a minimum, this loan is an excellent opportunity to build your rainy day savings. We recommend around 3 months of expenses.
If you are still in school you will need to estimate what your monthly expenses will be once you graduate. Keep in mind you’ll likely need to move, buy uniforms and put down a security deposit once you commission.
Buying a Car with the USAA Career Starter Loan
A car is a necessary expense for most junior officers. The key is to get a car you can afford, not the nicest or most expensive one you can. Using your entire loan for a car means you’re unable to use it for investments, or anything else, for that matter (covered in next section). If you need to buy a car, here is a resource to help you determine how much you can afford:
Here are additional ideas to mitigate the cost:
- Can your parents help you? Many people’s parents are able to help them with some of the cost, give them the family car they no longer need, or ask friends or family at similar stages in life if they have a family car they’re looking to offload at a reduced price.
- Buying a used car: Used cars prices have gone up, but you can still find plenty of perfectly good cars for $20K or less.
- Leasing: A great way to get a new car without using a lot of your loan. Leasing can be more affordable than buying as long as you don’t go over mileage.
If you are leasing or financing as a Cadet or Midshipman, your income will often not be enough to qualify. You can add a parent as a cosigner to help you get past this.
Using the USAA Career Starter Loan for Trips
Spring (or summer) break is a once in a lifetime opportunity to see a new place with your friends. After graduation, people will be on different schedules and it is incredibly difficult to take a trip like this. From our experience, it can be worth using some of your Career Starter Loan to make these memories… as long as you put a price cap on it. The max we would recommend is $3,000. Here are some resources to help you create an awesome trip for you and your friends.
1. Travel Credit Cards
2. Trip Planning Resources
Investing with USAA Career Starter Loan
Investing some (or all) of your USAA career starter loan is an incredible financial opportunity, and often a fantastic move. For the more numbers oriented, enter the amount you would like to invest and see how much you would make by earning the average market return of 10%.
How To Invest with the USAA Career Starter Loan
Keep in mind that you are investing with borrowed money. Crypto, options and other high risk investments should be off the table to avoid significant loss. You also need to have a long term focus. If Robinhood makes it too tempting to trade, consider other brokerages designed for long term investing.
Low cost index funds are the perfect way to diversify this money. You can pair these with M1 finance to create a completely passive portfolio. Three of the most popular index funds include:
This is for for educational purposes only and is not investment advice. Past performance does not guarantee future return.
The Standard and Poors 500 index (S&P 500) is composed of the 500 most valuable companies by market cap. This index is extremely popular because it basically represent the 500 most successful companies currently on the market. It is relatively safe because you own all 500 and are not tied to the performance of any individual one.
S&P 500 ETFs
Total Stock Market
The total stock market index is the ultimate diversification tool. When you buy this index fund, every dollar is diversified throughout the entire stock market. The advantage of this (vice the S&P 500) is that you gain exposure to small cap stocks, which traditionally grow faster than large caps. The extensive diversification of this index makes it one of the most popular in the financial independence world.
Total Stock Market ETFs
The five year return of VTI is 17.39%. So if you used your loan to invest $30,000 five years ago, it would be worth $66,877.00 today.
Information Technology Index
This index consist of a basket of high quality tech stocks. Big companies like Microsoft and Apple as well as quickly growing companies such as Square and NVIDIA are all included. As you can probably guess, this index has been absolutely crushing it over the last few years. Its five year return is 31.55%. So, if you invested $30,000 in 2016 you would have $118,188.55 today.
Using M1 Finance to Automate Your Investment
M1 Finance is the perfect tool to start your portfolio with funds from your Career Starter Loan. Like Robinhood, it’s commission free. Unlike Robinhood, you can build your portfolio however you want, and M1 will automatically allocate your holdings according to your preferences. Here’s a quick example:
You want to divide your investments into the following:
- 20% Total Stock Market
- 60% Information Technology
- 20% S&P 500
M1 will automatically invest your Career Starter Loan according to these parameters. You can change the investments or amounts at any time. You can also set up automatic monthly contributions that will be allocated according to how your portfolio is set up.
I find M1 to be much better than Robinhood for long term investing. Robinhood makes it tempting to focus on individual stocks while M1 is designed to give you the strategic view of your entire portfolio. Additionally, M1 has an IRA (Robinhood does not), so your portfolio can grow tax free for life.
For a more in depth discussion on this topic check our article: Investment Strategies for the Career Starter Loan.
If you have debt, the USAA career starter loan offers an excellent opportunity to pay it off at a much lower interest rate. The only exception is student loans. When consolidating debt, it makes the most sense to start with the highest interest rate. Generally, these are the debts you should address:
- Credit Cards
- Personal Loans
- Auto Loans
Our standard loan calculator will help you determine what debts are costing you the most (see the interest paid tab).
An Example Use of the USAA Career Starter Loan
You take the USAA Career Starter Loan and $36,000 just hit your bank account. Now, you want to use it to set yourself up for the years ahead. You want to:
- Get a car
- Build your savings
- Go on a trip
- Invest it
You take $4,000 to build your rainy day savings, leaving you with $32,000.
Buying a Car
There are a ton of ways you can go about getting a car. I’m going to show you an example of a vehicle that I’ve been following for a while- The Ford Maverick. This truck hits a lot of the wickets: It’s a small truck, gets 30+ mpg and has a nice interior. All of this for a fair price point that isn’t matched by anything on the market today.
Let’s take a look at a lease offer that is available online for this truck.
Good choice – maybe not perfect – but let’s assume you go with the lease. You use the loan for the money due at signing and earmark the payments until you graduate. That’s because this payment would take up a large amount of your paycheck until you commission. After doing the quick math below, you determine you need to set aside $9,500 or so to lease your truck.
|Months Until Graduation||18|
|Payment + Insurance (Monthly)||$274 + $100 = $374|
|Total Needed Until Graduation||18 x $374 = $9,384|
You plan a sweet spring break that costs you (worst case scenario) $3000. Here’s what your loan looks like now:
Investing in a ROTH IRA
If you’re savvy, you’ll want to invest efficiently by using a Roth IRA. You do that because any money you put into a Roth IRA will grow tax free for life. Here’s how you do that:
- Open a Roth IRA with M1 finance.
- Build your portfolio- for simplicity let’s assume you go 100% into the S&P 500.
- The annual contribution for an IRA $6,000 (2022) so invest up to the limit and then earmark another $6,000 to be invested on January 1st of the preceding years.
|Rainy Day Fund||– $4,000|
|Car Payments||– $9,500|
|Spring Break||– $3,000|
|CSL Left to Invest||$19,500|
Assuming you are 26 years old, when you invest the second $6,000, you will have 33.5 years until you can access that money (59.5 years old).
Let’s round that to 34. The S&P 500 has a historical return of 10%. If you earn that on your investment how much do you think that’ll be worth?
Investing in a normal brokerage
The best part is that we are still left with $7,500 to invest. Feel free to invest this a little more aggressively. We still recommend investing for a timeline of 5 years and not touching this money at least until the loan is paid off.
Final Thoughts on the USAA Career Starter Loan
So there you have it, you can use the Career Starter Loan to plan an amazing vacation, buy a car and build life changing wealth. Both AJ and I are Naval Academy alumni who have seen firsthand how game changing this loan can be. In fact, this opportunity is so big that it is one of the reasons we started Money Gouge. If you enjoyed this article please share it with others.
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